Thursday, May 21, 2020

Obstacles of Fathers in the United States - 1610 Words

The purpose of this article is to better understand the outlooks, levels of engagement, and obstacles of fathers in the United States. The authors noted that fathers who participated in this survey range between the age of 18 and older. This telephone survey consists of fathers themselves answering questions related to their own fatherhood roles. Further, this article presents the results of the hundreds of American men promoting behaviors, such as agreeing or disagreeing about being involve, cohabitating or married to the child or children mother. This child may be an adoptive or biological child. The dilemma that is exposed in this research argues that a young father compared to an older father, is relative different with the religion†¦show more content†¦Demographically, over 90% of the participants strongly agreed that fatherhood is crucial in our society. A little over 47% of fathers, that encouragement from the mothers of their children matters because of the obstacles they faced with finance, and their duties on the job. The final results of marital status statistics is over 80% married fathers, nine percent divorced, and six percent never married. One surprising statistic was 90% cohabitate with the mother and focal child (Glenn Popenoe, 2006). In sequential order, what were the major steps in performing the study? The significant step in performing this multivariate analysis is measured from the best possible results from these fathers. In regards to the results, the father opinions of their performance as a father really matters in performing this study. These questions were asked in a statement form of agreeing, strongly, agree, or somewhat agree or disagree of various percentages of a responsible father in the United States. The response of these telephone surveys determines the American fathers attitudes and beliefs, whether answered positively or negatively. What data were recorded and used for analysis (questionnaire, test scores, etc.)? The questionnaire surveys were recorded by telephone line, in a sample designed to fathers ages 18Show MoreRelatedMy Family Believes in Education Essay783 Words   |  4 Pagesschool was in mind for them, duty was not a choice. They had to do this whether they liked it or not. My father was coursing middle school in Mexico when my grandfather passed away giving him no other choice but to leave school and search for a job to maintain the family. On the other hand, my mother was not able to finish grade school and started to work at an earlier age, compared to my father. Both told me everything they had gone through, of how hard it is to keep up when a beloved has passed awayRead MoreA New Generation for Our Family919 Words   |  4 Pagesone son (of my grandmother) to the United States. The chosen one was my father. My father , a married man decided to go to America leaving my mother in Peru , because the money was not enough for travel with her. My father went to Miami, Florida. In Miami 25% of the people speak English and 67% of people speak Spanish, also in Miami 46.7% of people are married. In addition, 65.8% of people are of Hispanic or Latino origin (Miami Demographics Profile). My father went to Miami with the mindset toRead MoreJews Living in America in the 1920s974 Words   |  4 Pages1900s for Jews immigrating into the United States. Cohen explains how many Jews fled Eastern Europe and Russia during this time due to the ruling of the tsar, fear of religious persecution, and economic restrictions. Because these restrictions were becoming the norm for Jewish people in their county, Rose’s father, a tailor, began to embark on a journey to the United States of America, in hopes of beginning a new life for himself and his family. Even though her father is captured at the border of RussiaRead MoreThe First Day Of The United States1536 Words   |  7 PagesThe first day in the United States is one of the best day and most thrilling days in my life. My father and my older sister move to Malaysia to get a job and support our family due to financial difficulty and lack of job opportunity in Burma. After a few years, my father and my sister were able to enter as immigrant and they were sent to the United States as immigrants through United Nation. After being apart with my father and my sister for more than a decade, my parents decide to move completelyRead MoreUs And Mexico Border707 Words   |  3 Pagesfound huddled together about twenty-five miles away from the U.S.-Mexico border. However, these people were no longer suffering. They were found dead, after failing to cross into California illegally. Among them was Julio Cà ©sar Gallegos, a husband and father, whose story, like many others, has largely attributed to U.S. law enforcement policies along the border. Many policies have been made about the U.S.-Mexico border due to the death of migrants, like Gallegos. These laws have affected many individualsRead MoreHistory 3011175 Words   |  5 PagesArticles I, II, and III of the Unites States Constitution outline the importance of dividing government into 3 branches, this system was designed by our forefathers to serve the pe ople. With any division of power obstacles are bound to arise, usually when attempting to enact important legislation. Since the US Constitution was written to the present day there has been conflicts between the supporters of a strong federal government and campaigners of states’ rights. This paper will address theseRead MoreHardships In My Life864 Words   |  4 Pages Hardships Growing up my life has been filled with countless blessings. I have four siblings. Two brothers and two sisters; thankfully I have known my parents my whole life. My father and mother both worked a lot when I was younger, leaving my older siblings to babysit the younger ones. My father had a job in Cleveland and would come to visit us in Columbus whenever he was off. Sometimes I wouldn’t see my dad for months because he worked so hard to make ends meet. Because of this, he wouldn’tRead MoreEnglish Language Problems889 Words   |  4 Pagesexpress enough about the life of an immigrant in the United States. Theres many reasons of why not knowing English can be a major obstacle for most people that face, coming to the United States. The major obstacle of someone not knowing English is that they cannot communicate with others that talk to them in English, its difficult to have a job or even secure a job, and learning the language itself. â€Å"More than 35 million adults in the United States are native speakers of a language other than EnglishRead MoreAmerican Dream Essay992 Words   |  4 PagesImmigrants All around the world the United States of America is viewed as a place of freedom and equal opportunity for all people who settle in the country. Immigrants, especially from second or third world countries, view America as a chance for them to start over and a live the lavish lifestyles they are accustomed to hearing. However, this belief that everyone in the United States lives how they want to and has equal opportunity is false. Immigrants from countries all over the world face manyRead More The Establishment of the Electoral College Essay1095 Words   |  5 Pages The Electoral College is the system established by the Founding Fathers to select the President of the United States. It is important that Americans have a fundamental knowledge of this system, and the obstacles overcame in its development. There were many obstacles faced by the Founding Fathers while constructing the government. America was comprised of 13 states that wanted to protect their individual rights and leery of a strong centralized government. The nation’s population lay across a vast

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The United States Political System - 567 Words

Mankind has always undergone trends in a cyclical manor. However, as society presses forward, the relative minima and maxima tend to break the threshold at an increasing rate meaning that what would be considered normal is shortly lived. Today we live in a society where factions divide the nation in their plight to achieve an organized force of ideas. The Political parties of the modern era have become far more organized and are no longer looking to support ideas but are ever hungry to maintain and gain political power rather than represent a people’s voice. Our democratic republic relies on the organized and informed voter to maintain a balance of control between the people and the government. This is argued in Thomas Edison’s 10th federalist paper in which he states, â€Å"If a faction consists of less than a majority, relief is supplied by the republican principle, which enables the majority to defeat its sinister views by regular vote†¦ it will be unable to execute and mask its violence under the forms of the Constitution. When a majority is included in a faction, the form of popular government, on the other hand, enables it to sacrifice to its ruling passion or interest both the public good and the rights of other citizens. To secure the public good and private rights against the danger of such a faction, and at the same time to preserve the spirit and the form of popular government, is then the great object to which our inquiries are directed...† Here we see the need forShow MoreRelatedThe United States Political System935 Words   |  4 PagesThe United States political system is dominated by an intense battle for power. 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The U.S. political system is made up of many components and there are several factors the contributed to what the U.S. political system is today. SuchRead MoreThe Political System Of The United States2164 Words   |  9 PagesExtended Essay Rough Draft The political system of the United States of America is based upon democratic and republican principles, giving birth to the representative democracy that is our government today. Over the many years since the founding of the nation and our first president, George Washington, politics has separated itself into factions, more commonly called parties, based on common and shared beliefs, religion, and ideals. The development of these parties has encouraged corruption toRead MoreThe Political System Of The United States1813 Words   |  8 PagesJefferson, an American Founding Father once wrote that â€Å"design activity and political thought are indivisible,† stating that architecture acts as a vital instrument in conveying political image. In this case, the prominent symbols of government in any polity would be the national parliamentary buildings as they demonstrate faith in the cultural identity of a nation internally as well as foreign country. Likewise, United States of Ame rica is known as a land of democracy and the Congress House of U.SRead MoreThe Political System Of The United States Essay1364 Words   |  6 Pagesparties are movements that quickly â€Å"sting† and influence American politics dramatically before fading away, leaving behind a two-party system. Though third parties have historically not had much success in presidential elections, they remain important statements against the established two-party system, introducing key ideas and representations into the political system; they symbolize a change as outsiders against the establishment. However, third parties ultimately continue to struggle because of certainRead MoreThe United States And Danish Political System1777 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction In recent debates, immigrants have become a hot topic of conversation in both the United States and Danish political system. Jesper Luthman explained, healthcare is politics because of (in)equality in healthcare delivery and methods of prioritizing the multitude of health services offered. With the 2016 United States’ presidential election approaching, policies surrounding refugees and healthcare have been major topics of debate. Similarly, Denmark has been dealing with accommodationRead MoreMedia Influence Political System On The United States967 Words   |  4 PagesMedia influence Political System Media has influence the political system many different ways in the United States. Talking about politics, it is very complicated because there are so many public opinions. Not knowing which candidate is lying or passing a bill and not knowing what is on it. Because most Americans own a smartphone, social media is so enormous and having access to almost anything. While Americans are on the internet, watching television, and listening to the radio or even reading theRead MoreIran s Political System Of The United States950 Words   |  4 PagesA combination of Islamic theocracy with democracy makes Iran’s political system one of the most complex and unusual political system of the world. The clerical regime with a highly complicated government structure has known as an adversary of the U.S. and its allies in the Middle East. While the historical hostility between the countries, is more than the Iran’s nuclear program, but now the center of debates, is Iran’s nucle ar program. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) has reduced tensionsRead MoreThe Separation of Powers in the United States Political System612 Words   |  3 PagesThe Separation of Powers in the United States Political System In the 18th Century, the French philosopher Montesquieu, who had been one of the inspirations behind the French Revolution, argued that limitation would be necessary within government within government in order to avoid tyranny. He identified the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary as the four braches of government which needed to be separated. To do this, he suggested the Separation of Powers, a Read MoreRole Of An Interest Group On The United States And. Texas Political System Essay1143 Words   |  5 Pageson a large public group, such as family and friends of public school-aged children in the United States. Clive S. Thomas states, The most important lobbying forces in any society are the various entities of government: national, regional, and local government agencies and institutions such as the military (Thomas). The role of an interest group in the United States and/or Texas political system is creating a relationship with the staff of congress. This relationship provides a window

Normal Distribution Free Essays

Finda)P(Z gt; 2. 58),b)P(Z lt; -1),c)P(-1. 5 ( Z lt; 5) Ans : a) P( Z gt; 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Normal Distribution or any similar topic only for you Order Now 58) = 0. 0049 ( 4 decimal places) b) P ( Z lt; -1) = 0. 1587 ( 4 decimal places) c) P ( -1. 5? Z lt; 5) = P ( -1. 5 lt; Z lt; 5) = (0. 5- 0. 0668) + ( 0. 5 -0) = 0. 9332 ( 4 decimal places) 2. Find the value of z if the area under a Standard Normal curve a)to the right of z is 0. 3632; b)to the left of z is 0. 1131; c)between 0 and z, with z gt; 0, is 0. 4838; d)between -z and z, with z gt; 0, is 0. 9500. Ans : a) z = + 0. 35 ( find 0. 5- 0. 3632 = 0. 1368 in the normal table) b) z = -1. 1 ( find 0. 5 – 0. 1131 = 0. 3869 in the normal table) c ) the area between 0 to z is 0. 4838, z = 2. 14 d) the area to the right of +z = ( 1-0. 95)/2 = 0. 025, therefore z = 1. 96 3. Given the Normally distributed variable X with mean 18 and standard deviation 2. 5, find a)P(X lt; 15); b)the value of k such that P(X lt; k) = 0. 2236; c)the value of k such that P(X gt; k) = 0. 1814; d)P( 17 lt; X lt; 21). Ans : X ~ N ( 18, 2. 52) a) P ( X lt; 15) P ( Z lt; (15-18)/2. 5) = P ( Z lt; -1. 2) = 0. 1151 ( 4 decimal places) b) P ( X lt; k) = 0. 2236 P ( Z lt; ( k – 18) / 2. ) = 0. 2236 From normal table, 0. 2236 = -0. 76 (k-18)/2. 5 = – 0. 76, solve k = 16. 1 c) P (X gt; k) = 0. 1814 P ( Z gt; (k-18)/2. 5 ) = 0. 1814 From normal table, 0. 1814 = 0. 91 (k-18)/ 2. 5 = 0. 91, solve k = 20. 275 d) P ( 17 lt; X lt; 21) P ( (17 -18)/2. 5 lt; Z lt; ( 21-18)/2. 5) P ( -0. 4 lt; Z lt; 1. 2) = 0. 8849 – 0. 3446 = 0. 5403 ( 4 decimal places) 4. In a sample of 25 observations from a Normal Distribution with mean 98. 6 and standard deviation 17. 2, find: Ans: a) n = 25, [pic] = ( = 98. 6, [pic] = /n = 17. 2/(25 = 3. 44 [pic]( N (98. 6, 3. 442 ) Prob = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P( (92-98. 6)/3. 44 lt; Z lt; (102-98. 6)/3. 44 ) = P( -1. 92 lt; Z lt; 0. 99) = 0. 8116 b)the corresponding probability given a sample of 36. Ans: b) n = 36, [pic] = ( = 98. 6, [pic] = /n = 17. 2/(36 = 2. 87 [pic]( N (98. 6, 2. 872 ) Prob = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P( (92-98. 6)/2. 87 lt; Z lt; (102-98. 6)/2. 87 ) = P( -2. 30 lt; Z lt; 1. 19) = 0. 8723 ( * or 0. 8703 if rounding for 2. 87) 5. An X-ray technician is taking reading from her machine to ensure that it adheres to federal safety guidelines. She knows that the standard deviation of the amount of radiation emitted by the machine is 150 units, but she wants to take readings until the standard error of the sampling distribution is no higher than 25 units. How many reading should she take? Ans: Let X be the readings of radiation emitted by the machine. [pic] = /n = 150(n we want to find n such that 150/(n = [pic] ( 25 ( (n ( 6 ( n ( 36 She should take at least 36 readings. 6. Peter, researcher for a coffee corporation, is interested in determining the rate of coffee usage per household. He believes that yearly consumption per household is normally distributed with an unknown mean and a standard deviation of about 1. 25 pounds. a)If Peter takes a sample of 36 households and records their consumption of coffee for 1 year, what is the probability that the sample mean is within one-half pound of the population mean? Ans: Let X be the yearly consumption of coffee per household. n = 36, [pic]=( = ? , [pic] = /n = 1. 25(36 = 0. 2083 [pic]( N ([pic], 0. 20832 ) a)Prob = P(( – 0. 5 lt; [pic] lt; ( + 0. 5) = P(- 0. 5/[pic] lt; Z lt; 0. /[pic]) = P( -0. 5/0. 2083 lt; Z lt; 0. 5/0. 2083 ) = P( -2. 4 lt; Z lt; 2. 4) = 0. 9836 b)How large a sample must be taken in order to be 98 percent certain that the sample mean is within one-half pound of the population mean? Ans: n = ? ,[pic] = /n = 1. 25/(n P(( – 0. 5 lt; [pic] lt; ( + 0. 5) = 0. 98 ( P(-0. 5 lt; [pic]- ( lt; +0. 5) = 0. 98 ( P( -0. 5/1. 25/(n lt; Z lt; +0. 5/1. 25/(n ) = 0. 98 From Normal Table, we have P(-2. 33 lt; Z lt; 2. 33) = 0. 98 ( 0. 5/1. 25/(n = 2. 33 ( n = 33. 93 ( at least 34 households. How to cite Normal Distribution, Papers

Normal Distribution Free Essays

Finda)P(Z gt; 2. 58),b)P(Z lt; -1),c)P(-1. 5 ( Z lt; 5) Ans : a) P( Z gt; 2. We will write a custom essay sample on Normal Distribution or any similar topic only for you Order Now 58) = 0. 0049 ( 4 decimal places) b) P ( Z lt; -1) = 0. 1587 ( 4 decimal places) c) P ( -1. 5? Z lt; 5) = P ( -1. 5 lt; Z lt; 5) = (0. 5- 0. 0668) + ( 0. 5 -0) = 0. 9332 ( 4 decimal places) 2. Find the value of z if the area under a Standard Normal curve a)to the right of z is 0. 3632; b)to the left of z is 0. 1131; c)between 0 and z, with z gt; 0, is 0. 4838; d)between -z and z, with z gt; 0, is 0. 9500. Ans : a) z = + 0. 35 ( find 0. 5- 0. 3632 = 0. 1368 in the normal table) b) z = -1. 1 ( find 0. 5 – 0. 1131 = 0. 3869 in the normal table) c ) the area between 0 to z is 0. 4838, z = 2. 14 d) the area to the right of +z = ( 1-0. 95)/2 = 0. 025, therefore z = 1. 96 3. Given the Normally distributed variable X with mean 18 and standard deviation 2. 5, find a)P(X lt; 15); b)the value of k such that P(X lt; k) = 0. 2236; c)the value of k such that P(X gt; k) = 0. 1814; d)P( 17 lt; X lt; 21). Ans : X ~ N ( 18, 2. 52) a) P ( X lt; 15) P ( Z lt; (15-18)/2. 5) = P ( Z lt; -1. 2) = 0. 1151 ( 4 decimal places) b) P ( X lt; k) = 0. 2236 P ( Z lt; ( k – 18) / 2. ) = 0. 2236 From normal table, 0. 2236 = -0. 76 (k-18)/2. 5 = – 0. 76, solve k = 16. 1 c) P (X gt; k) = 0. 1814 P ( Z gt; (k-18)/2. 5 ) = 0. 1814 From normal table, 0. 1814 = 0. 91 (k-18)/ 2. 5 = 0. 91, solve k = 20. 275 d) P ( 17 lt; X lt; 21) P ( (17 -18)/2. 5 lt; Z lt; ( 21-18)/2. 5) P ( -0. 4 lt; Z lt; 1. 2) = 0. 8849 – 0. 3446 = 0. 5403 ( 4 decimal places) 4. In a sample of 25 observations from a Normal Distribution with mean 98. 6 and standard deviation 17. 2, find: Ans: a) n = 25, [pic] = ( = 98. 6, [pic] = /n = 17. 2/(25 = 3. 44 [pic]( N (98. 6, 3. 442 ) Prob = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P( (92-98. 6)/3. 44 lt; Z lt; (102-98. 6)/3. 44 ) = P( -1. 92 lt; Z lt; 0. 99) = 0. 8116 b)the corresponding probability given a sample of 36. Ans: b) n = 36, [pic] = ( = 98. 6, [pic] = /n = 17. 2/(36 = 2. 87 [pic]( N (98. 6, 2. 872 ) Prob = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P(92 lt; [pic] lt; 102) = P( (92-98. 6)/2. 87 lt; Z lt; (102-98. 6)/2. 87 ) = P( -2. 30 lt; Z lt; 1. 19) = 0. 8723 ( * or 0. 8703 if rounding for 2. 87) 5. An X-ray technician is taking reading from her machine to ensure that it adheres to federal safety guidelines. She knows that the standard deviation of the amount of radiation emitted by the machine is 150 units, but she wants to take readings until the standard error of the sampling distribution is no higher than 25 units. How many reading should she take? Ans: Let X be the readings of radiation emitted by the machine. [pic] = /n = 150(n we want to find n such that 150/(n = [pic] ( 25 ( (n ( 6 ( n ( 36 She should take at least 36 readings. 6. Peter, researcher for a coffee corporation, is interested in determining the rate of coffee usage per household. He believes that yearly consumption per household is normally distributed with an unknown mean and a standard deviation of about 1. 25 pounds. a)If Peter takes a sample of 36 households and records their consumption of coffee for 1 year, what is the probability that the sample mean is within one-half pound of the population mean? Ans: Let X be the yearly consumption of coffee per household. n = 36, [pic]=( = ? , [pic] = /n = 1. 25(36 = 0. 2083 [pic]( N ([pic], 0. 20832 ) a)Prob = P(( – 0. 5 lt; [pic] lt; ( + 0. 5) = P(- 0. 5/[pic] lt; Z lt; 0. /[pic]) = P( -0. 5/0. 2083 lt; Z lt; 0. 5/0. 2083 ) = P( -2. 4 lt; Z lt; 2. 4) = 0. 9836 b)How large a sample must be taken in order to be 98 percent certain that the sample mean is within one-half pound of the population mean? Ans: n = ? ,[pic] = /n = 1. 25/(n P(( – 0. 5 lt; [pic] lt; ( + 0. 5) = 0. 98 ( P(-0. 5 lt; [pic]- ( lt; +0. 5) = 0. 98 ( P( -0. 5/1. 25/(n lt; Z lt; +0. 5/1. 25/(n ) = 0. 98 From Normal Table, we have P(-2. 33 lt; Z lt; 2. 33) = 0. 98 ( 0. 5/1. 25/(n = 2. 33 ( n = 33. 93 ( at least 34 households. How to cite Normal Distribution, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Pornoviolence By Tom Wolfe Essays - Tom Wolfe, Wolfe, Slasher Film

Pornoviolence By Tom Wolfe Judging by your most unfavorable reactions to these conversations, I can tell that you don?t like what you hear. Well, what you just heard were the first six paragraphs, the introduction of Tom Wolfe?s 1976 essay entitled Pornoviolence. This story that talks about a convention of tabloid authors begins with those banal introductions. Wolfe felt as if names were obsolete, as the authors that submit these stories are ?stringers? or correspondents from around the country and as a result, they are all known by their stories? titles. Wolfe provides a definition of pornoviolence by distinguishing it from the old pornography. He argues that the media previously attracted readership of magazines and tabloids with pornography. Instead, he claims that today pornoviolence is stimulated by violence that puts television viewers in the position of control, and he supports his position using examples of programs that contain the pornography of violence. Basically, he says that pornoviolence is the pornography of violence; only the weirdest, grossest stuff would be considered as usable material. Video games like the Mortal Kombat series, Perfect Dark, or James Bond 007 and ?slasher flicks? such as Scream, I Know What You Did Last Summer, and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre are excellent examples of gratuitous violence that have been released in the past several years. Inadvertently, Wolfe poses a question to all of us: Do we as people evolve along with the TV violence, or are television producers just giving us what they think we want? English Essays

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Viral Marketing Essay Example

Viral Marketing Essay Example Viral Marketing Essay Viral Marketing Essay History Unbalanced scales. svg The neutrality of this section is disputed. Please see the discussion on the talk page. Please do not remove this message until the dispute is resolved. (September 2008) There is debate on the origination and the popularization of the term Viral Marketing, though some of the earliest uses of the current term are attributed to Harvard Business School graduate Tim Draper and Harvard Business School faculty member Jeffrey Rayport. The term was later popularized by Jeffrey Rayport in his 1996 Fast Company article The Virus of Marketing , and Tim Draper and Steve Jurvetson of the venture capital firm Draper Fisher Jurvetson in 1997 to describe Hotmails e-mail practice of appending advertising for itself in outgoing mail from their users. [3] Among the first to write about viral marketing on the Internet was media critic Douglas Rushkoff in his 1994 book Media Virus: Hidden Agendas in Popular Culture. The assumption is that if such an advertisement reaches a susceptible user, that user will become infected (i. e. , accept the idea) and will then go on to share the idea with others infecting them, in the viral analogys terms. As long as each infected user shares the idea with more than one susceptible user on average (i. e. , the basic reproductive rate is greater than one the standard in epidemiology for qualifying something as an epidemic), the number of infected users will grow according to a logarithmic curve, whose initial segment appears exponential. Of course, the marketing campaign may be wildly successful even if the rate at which things are spread isnt of epidemic proportions, if this user-to-user sharing is sustained by other forms of marketing communications, such as public relations or advertising. Among the first to write about algorithms designed to identify people with high Social Networking Potential is Bob Gerstley in Advertising Research is Changing. Gerstley uses SNP algorithms in quantitative marketing research to help marketers maximize the effectiveness of viral marketing campaigns. In 2004 the concept of Alpha User was released to indicate that it had become ow possible to technically isolate the focal point members of any viral campaign, the hubs who are most influential. Alpha Users can today be isolated and identified, and even targeted for viral advertising purposes most accurately in mobile phone networks, as mobile phones are so personal. In response to its use, many sites have started up trying to describ e what viral marketing is and to offer viral marketing services as an outsourced extension of a business. [citation needed] [edit] Notable examples * The Ponzi scheme and related investment Pyramid schemes, are early examples of viral marketing. In each round, investors are paid interest from the principal deposits of later investors. Early investors are so enthusiastic that they recruit their friends resulting in exponential growth until the pool of available investors is tapped out and the scheme collapses. * Multi-level marketing popularized in the 1960s and 70s (not to be confused with Ponzi schemes) is essentially a form of viral marketing in which representatives gain income through marketing products through their circle of influence and give their friends a chance to market products similarly. Multis include Amway and Mary Kay Cosmetics among many others. * Early in its existence (perhaps between 1988 and 1992), the television show Mystery Science Theater 3000 had limited distribution. The producers encouraged viewers to make copies of the show on video tapes and give them to friends in order to expand viewership and increase demand for the fledgling Comedy Central network. During this period the closing credits included the words Keep circulating the tapes! [5] * In 2000, Slate described TiVos unpublicized gambit of giving free TiVos to web-savvy enthusiasts to create viral word of mouth, pointing out that a viral campaign differs from a publicity stunt. [6] * In 2001, BusinessWeek described web-based campaigns for Hotmail (1996) and The Blair Witch Project (1999) as striking examples of viral marketing, but warned of some dangers for imitation marketers. [7] * Launched in 2002, BMW Films was among the earliest viral marketing ampaigns. It attracted nearly 55 million viewers and helped to elevate the career of Clive Owen. * Some accuse Publius Enigma, a series of unusual postings in 1994 that relate to The Division Bell, to be viral marketing to gain attention for the album. * Burger Kings The Subservient Chicken campaign, running from 2004 until 2007, was cited in Wired magazine as a striking example of viral or word-of-mouth marketing. [8] * Cadburys Dairy Milk 2007 Gorilla advertising campaign was heavily popularised on YouTube and Facebook. The release of the 2007 concept album Year Zero by Nine Inch Nails involved a viral marketing campaign, including the band leaving USB drives at concerts during NINs 2007 European Tour. This was followed up with a series of interlinked websites revealing clues and information about the dystopian future in which the album is set. * In 2007, World Wrestling Entertainment promoted the return of Chris Jericho with a viral marketing campaign using 15-second cryptic binary code videos. The videos contained hidden messages and biblical links related to Jericho, although speculation existed throughout WWE fans over whom the campaign targeted. 9][10] The text Save Us and 2nd Coming were most prominent in the videos. The campaign spread throughout the internet with numerous websites, though no longer operational, featuring hidden messages and biblical links to further hint at Jerichos r eturn. [11][12] * In 2007 the New York Times advertising columnist Stuart Elliott wrote about a business-to-business viral campaign for a software company, showing that viral advertising has application in areas outside of consumer marketing. [13] * In 2007, Portuguese football club Sporting Portugal integrated a viral feature in their campaign for season seats. In their website, a video required the user to input his name and phone number before playback started, which then featured the coach Paulo Bento and the players waiting at the locker room while he makes a phone call to the user telling him that they just cant start the season until the user buys his season ticket. [14] Flawless video and phone call synchronization and the fact that it was a totally new experience for the user led to nearly 200,000 pageviews phone calls in less than 24 hours. [citation needed] * Avirginsplea. om claimed that a 25-year old virgin living in Toronto named Geoff needed five million hits on his website in 30 days in order for Jenn, one of his very hot platonic female friends, to help him lose his virginity. * The 2008 film Cloverfield was first publicized with a teaser trailer that did not advertise the films title, only its release date: 01Â ·18Â ·08. Elements of the viral marketing campaign included MySpace pages created for fictional characters and websites created for fictional companies alluded to in the film. The Big Word Project, launched in 2008, aims to redefine the Oxford English Dictionary by allowing people to submit their website as the definition of their chosen word. The viral marketing project, created to fund two Masters students educations, attracted the attention of bloggers worldwide, being featured on Daring Fireball and Wired Magazine. [15] * The marketing campaign for the 2008 film The Dark Knight combined both online and real-life elements to make it resemble an alternate reality game. Techniques included mass gatherings of Joker fans, scavenger hunts around the world, detailed and intricate websites that let fans actually participate in voting for political offices in Gotham City, hidden phone numbers and websites in the queue lines of The Dark Knight roller coasters at Six Flags Great America and Six Flags Great Adventure, and even a Gotham News Network that has links to other Gotham pages such as Gotham Rail, a Gotham travel agency, and political candidates pages. The movie also markets heavily off of word of mouth from the thousands of Batman fans. Both the second and third games in the Halo series were preceded with viral marketing in the form of an alternate reality game called I Love Bees for the second game, and Iris for the third game. * In December 2009, podcasters of The Mike OMeara Show launched a viral marketing campaign on Facebook to encourage others to download the show. * Between December 2009 and March 2010 a series of seven videos were posted to YouTube under the name iamamiwhoami leading to speculation that they were a marketing campaign for a musician. In March 2010, an anonymous package was sent to an MTV journalist claiming to contain a code which if cracked would give the identity of the artist. [16] The seventh video, entitled b, appears to feature the Swedish singer Jonna Lee. [17][18][19][20] * On July 14 2010, Old Spice launched the fastest growing online viral video campaign ever, garnering 6. 7 million views after 24 hours, ballooning over 23 million views after 36 hours[21]. Old Spices agency created a bathroom set in Portland, OR and had their TV commercial star, Isaiah Mustafa, reply to 186 online comments and questions rom websites like Twitter, Facebook, Reddit, Digg, Youtube and others. The campaign ran for 3 days[22]. [edit] Viral Marketing Services Viral marketing services (VMS) include full service marketing, advertising, and media brokerage. There are outsourced companies hired for these services. Like other professional niches, (i. e. lawyer, accountant, IT), companies are now being sought for their professional insight and expertise in Guerilla marketing strategies and advanced Internet and mobility technology in the hopes of providing more leads, sales, and profits than traditional marketing service providers. A VMS company will typically create impressions for a very specific market or audience as defined by a client. The more impressions created for a client, the greater the chance of increasing prospective customer awareness of the client’s products or services. A VMS company’s basis of success is based on the ability to successfully leverage many forms of media to create a large market presence for the client. A VMS company is not responsible for searching out leads. Rather, they are responsible for creating leads through brand recognition by means of market branding and innovative advertising services. edit] Methods * Internet Search Engines Blogs * Target Marketing Web Services * Social Media Interconnectivity * Industry specific organization contributions * Television Radio * Multiple forms of Print and Direct Marketing * SEO Web Development * Customer Participation Polling services * Outbound/Inbound Call Center Services * Mobile SmartPhone Integration VMS target m arketing is based on three important principals: 1. Social Profile Gathering 2. Proximity Market Analysis 3. Real-Time Key word Density Analysis By applying these three important disciplines to an advertising model, a VMS company is able to match a client with their targeted customers at a cost effective advantage. [edit] Motivations Products and services change as consumers demand change. Because of this, businesses have recognized that the method of marketing must change. Marketing is about putting your business in front of the largest interested audience for the lowest cost per viewer. In the early 20’s, radio was the means of reaching a mass audience followed by television in the late 40’s. Television would maintain the number one spot in terms of mass audience advertising until the Internet took hold in the mid-90’s. Now people are sharing information, collaborating on topics of interest, and networking on the internet in ways not previously imaginable. [edit] Statistics * Two thirds of the world’s Internet population now visit a social network or blog site weekly[23] * 220+ million people visit the top 25 social networks each month[24] * Facebook alone has 500+ million active users[25] Social media Internet traffic has exceeded adult entertainment sites * Time spent visiting Social media sites now exceeds time spent emailing[26] * Consistent polls reflect that 89% of people forward news, events, and vendor specific information to people in their network. [27] * 59% of adults polled state that they use their cell phone to remain connected with their social network[28] Because of statistics such as these, companies – big or small – have seen to it that viral marketing services are integrated into their company. Because the cost per impression is typically much lower in comparison to other forms of media, businesses have been able to reach a very large buying audience at a lower cost when compared to other forms of available media. [edit] Techniques Many companies simply embed key words on their web site to support Search Engine Optimization best practices in order to receive a high ranking on Google in the hopes of building a strong internet business. However, this is only one component to capitalizing on the power of viral marketing. Viral marketing is about connections. The more quality connections a company can make, the more business impressions they will create. The more business impressions they create the higher likelihood that a consumer (or other business requiring a service) will make contact to purchase a good or service. By use of a social profile gathering system, a VMS company is able to create interconnections with web sites and social media groups specific to the client’s market audience. In addition to the more common social media web sites (LinkedIn, Facebook, etc. , the internet is home to over 300,000 social community web service providers. Each of these social community web service providers have from 5 million to 50 million active users thus creating a large community of active consumers. By actively maintaining an extensive analytical database of these connections, a VMS goal is to be able to successfully match a business with the targeted buyers. Technology is the tool that allows b usinesses to moderate, manage, and automate communication with the global scale of Internet users. VMS technology incorporates artificial intelligence which allows a system to communicate with a prospective buyer via their phone (voice), SMS (Text Message), blog site, or email. Without having this level of sophisticated technology in place, a VMS company would be unable to manage the large amount of users and leads available on the Internet; but because of the advancements of technology, targeted campaigns can meet the goals and requirements of businesses from all over the world.

Monday, March 2, 2020

Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, the Savior of Dunkirk

Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, the Savior of Dunkirk Born January 20, 1883, Bertram Home Ramsay was the son of Captain William Ramsay in the British Army. Attending the Royal Colchester Grammar School as a youth, Ramsay elected not to follow his two older brothers into the Army. Instead, he sought a career at sea and joined the Royal Navy as a cadet in 1898. Posted to the training ship HMS Britannia, he attended what became the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. Graduating in 1899, Ramsay was elevated to midshipman and later received a posting to the cruiser HMS Crescent. In 1903, he took part in British operations in Somaliland and earned recognition for his work with British Army forces shore. Returning home, Ramsay received orders to join the revolutionary new battleship HMS Dreadnought. World War I A modernizer at heart, Ramsay thrived in the increasingly technical Royal Navy. After attending the Naval Signal School in 1909-1910, he received admission to the new Royal Naval War College in 1913. A member of the colleges second class, Ramsay graduated a year later with the rank of lieutenant commander. Returning to the Dreadnought, he was aboard when World War I began in August 1914. Early the following year, he was offered the post of flag lieutenant for the Grand Fleets cruiser commander. Though a prestigious posting, Ramsay declined as he was seeking a command  position of his own. This proved fortuitous as it would have seen him assigned to HMS Defense, which was later lost at the Battle of Jutland. Instead, Ramsay served a brief stint in the signals section at the Admiralty before being given command of the monitor HMS M25 on the Dover Patrol. As the war progressed, he was given command of the destroyer leader HMS Broke. On May 9, 1918, Ramsay took part in Vice-Admiral Roger Keyes Second Ostend Raid. This saw the Royal Navy attempt to block the channels into the port of Ostend. Though the mission was only partly successful, Ramsay was mentioned in despatches for his performance during the operation. Remaining in command of Broke, he carried King George V to France to visit the troops of the British Expeditionary Force. With the conclusion of hostilities, Ramsay was transferred to the staff of Admiral of the Fleet John Jellicoe in 1919. Serving as his flag commander, Ramsay accompanied Jellicoe on a year-long tour of the British Dominions to assess naval strength and advise on policy. Interwar Years Arriving back in Britain, Ramsay was promoted to captain in 1923 and attended senior officers’ war and tactical courses. Returning to sea, he commanded the light cruiser HMS Danae between 1925 and 1927. Coming ashore, Ramsay began a two-year assignment as an instructor at the war college. Towards the end of his tenure, he married Helen Menzies with whom he would ultimately have two sons. Given command of the heavy cruiser HMS Kent, Ramsay was also made chief of staff to Admiral Sir Arthur Waistell, commander in chief of the China Squadron. Remaining abroad until 1931, he was given a teaching post at the Imperial Defense College that July. With the end of his term, Ramsay gained command of the battleship HMS Royal Sovereign in 1933. Two years later, Ramsay became chief of staff to the commander of the Home Fleet, Admiral Sir Roger Backhouse. Though the two men were friends, they differed widely on how the fleet should be administered. While Backhouse firmly believed in centralized control, Ramsay advocated for delegation and decentralization to better allow commanders to act at sea. Clashing on several occasions, Ramsay asked to be relieved after just four months. Inactive for the better part of three years, he declined an assignment to China and later began working on plans to reactivate the Dover Patrol. After reaching the top of the rear-admirals’ list in October 1938, the Royal Navy elected to move him to the Retired List. With relations with Germany deteriorating in 1939, he was coaxed from retirement by Winston Churchill in August and promoted to vice admiral commanding Royal Navy forces at Dover. World War II With the beginning of World War II in September 1939, Ramsay worked to expand his command. In May 1940, as German forces began inflicting a series of defeats on the Allies in the Low Countries and France, he was approached by Churchill to begin planning an evacuation. Meeting at Dover Castle, the two men planned Operation Dynamo which called for a large-scale evacuation of British forces from Dunkirk. Initially hoping to evacuate 45,000 men over two days, the evacuation saw Ramsay employ a massive fleet of disparate vessels which ultimately saved 332,226 men over nine days. Employing the flexible system of command and control that he had advocated in 1935, he rescued a large force which could immediately be put to use defending Britain. For his efforts, Ramsay was knighted. North Africa Through the summer and fall, Ramsay worked to develop plans for opposing Operation Sea Lion (the German invasion of Britain) while the Royal Air Force fought the Battle of Britain in the skies above. With the RAFs victory, the invasion threat quieted. Remaining at Dover until 1942, Ramsay was appointed Naval Force Commander for the invasion of Europe on April 29. As it became clear that the Allies would not be in a position to conduct landings on the continent that year, he was shifted to the Mediterranean as Deputy Naval Commander for the invasion of North Africa. Though he served under Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Ramsay was responsible for much of the planning and worked with Lieutenant General Dwight D. Eisenhower. Sicily and Normandy As the campaign in North Africa was coming to a successful conclusion, Ramsay was tasked with planning the invasion of Sicily. Leading the eastern task force during the invasion in July 1943, Ramsay coordinated closely with General Sir Bernard Montgomery and provided support once the campaign ashore began. With operation in Sicily winding down, Ramsay was ordered back to Britain to serve as Allied Naval Commander for the invasion of Normandy. Promoted to admiral in October, he began developing plans for a fleet that would ultimately include over 5,000 ships. Developing detailed plans, he delegated key elements to his subordinates and allowed them to act accordingly. As the date for the invasion neared, Ramsay was forced to defuse a situation between Churchill and King George VI as both desired to watch the landings from the light cruiser HMS Belfast. As the cruiser was needed for bombardment duty, he forbade either leader from embarking, stating that their presence put the ship at risk and that they would be needed ashore should key decisions need to be made. Pushing forward, the D-Day landings commenced on June 6, 1944. As Allied troops stormed ashore, Ramsays ships provided fire support and also began aiding in the rapid build-up of men and supplies. Final Weeks Continuing to support operations in Normandy through the summer, Ramsay began advocating for the rapid capture of Antwerp and its sea approaches as he anticipated that ground forces might outrun their supply lines from Normandy. Unconvinced, Eisenhower failed to quickly secure the Scheldt River, which led to the city, and instead pushed forward with Operation Market-Garden in the Netherlands. As a result, a supply crisis did develop which necessitated a protracted fight for the Scheldt. On January 2, 1945, Ramsay, who was in Paris, departed for a meeting with Montgomery in Brussels. Leaving from Toussus-le-Noble, his Lockheed Hudson crashed during takeoff and Ramsay and four others were killed. Following a funeral attended by Eisenhower and Cunningham, Ramsay was buried near Paris at St.-Germain-en-Laye. In recognition of his accomplishments, a statue of Ramsay was erected at Dover Castle, near where he planned the Dunkirk Evacuation, in 2000.